**Lameness → head nodding up or down, hiking or dropping one hip more than the other, swaying motion of the spine, carrying a limb or not putting full weight on a limb
Dogs with lameness may also have:
Difficulty rising from a sitting or laying down position
A stiff gait during the first few steps after rising
Difficulty jumping up on furniture or into vehicles
Reluctance to go up stairs
Bunny hopping gait while running or going up stairs
A stiff gait
Reduced motion of the joints
How a dog stands can tell us a lot.
This dog is shifting the left leg under the body to bear more of the weight. Note that the right limb has the toes and knee externally rotated, and the hock internally rotated. The yellow arrow indicates a "bump" in the pelvis, which is a dislocated hip.
How a dog sits can tell us a lot.
This dog is sitting asymmetrically with the left hind leg in a more extended position. This may indicate a cranial cruciate ligament rupture.